Project Finance & Public Private Partnerships

A 4-day intermediate training course covers a wide range of knowledge and experience of Project Finance & Public Private Partnership.

  • Course Instructor

    The course director has over 25 years experience of structuring, developing, evaluating and implementing the funding of public and private sector projects (i.e. PFI’s, PPP’s, BOOT’s; PSP’s, IPP’s, etc.) in infrastructure, energy, and the process industries. Uniquely, he has worked for extended periods in: * An investment bank (Kleinwort Benson, now Allianz/Dresdner); A commercial bank (HSBC); and A development bank (EBRD, as Director of Power & Energy Utilities) For the last 15 years he has operated as an independent consultant, both in the UK and internationally.


A 5-day intermediate training course

You will learn:

  • How projects/PPPs are structured and financed: what are the options?
  • How project risks are identified, evaluated and mitigated.
  • Cash flow models.
  • Sources of equity and debt funding.
  • The essential features of project documents.
  • What are PFI & PPP: advantages and disadvantages.
  • Case histories/studies: why some projects succeed and others fail.

Who should attend

This course is designed for staff responsible for major projects in:

  • Construction companies.
  • Project contractors.
  • Facilities management companies.
  • Government & public service offices.
  • Public service utilities.
  • Commercial banks.
  • Project investment funds.
  • Project Insurance companies.
  • Project law firms.
  • Engineering consultants.
  • Environmental consultants.
  • Development agencies.


Course level

The course covers a wide range of knowledge and experience. Concepts are described from first principles. However, a basic knowledge of finance or accounting at the outset will be of help to gain most from the course.

This course does not require the use of personal computers.

“Participants appreciated (the course) so much because it addressed areas of much importance and opened their eyes on the approach.” H.K. Tanzania Ports Authority

 

Day 1

Overview

  • Characteristics of projects: public v. private.
  • Key players in a project financing.
  • Terminology & definitions (BOOT, PPP, IFI, IPP, PPA, etc.).
  • Origins & recent history of project finance.
  • The project financing process.

Funding structures

  • Conventional loan security v. project finance structures: advantages/disadvantages.
  • On/Off balance sheet: rationale, issues & criteria.
  • Proportions of debt & equity.

Sources of debt & equity

  • Equity funds.
  • Sources: incl. private equity & sovereign funds.
  • Key issues for Investors.
  • Debt.
  • Development bank funding.
  • Export credits.
  • Commercial loans & syndication.
  • Make-up of Term Sheet.
  • Bond issues.
  • Key issues for lenders.
  • Quasi-equity & subordinated debt: role, types.

Risk identification & analysis

  • What is risk? Why are lenders risk averse?
  • Impact of Basel II.
  • Identification of risk types: tech., completion; financial; etc.
  • Environmental risks: EQUATOR Principles.
  • Evaluation of risk impact.
  • Creation of risk matrix.
  • Risk mitigation.
  • Role of capital markets.
  • Role of insurance: commercial, financial, political.
  • Debt/Equity ratios: risk & project type.

Day 2

Project appraisal & process

  • Cash-flow/spreadsheet make-up.
  • Issues to note in cash-flow models.
  • DCF & IRR.
  • Criteria & Ratios used by lenders & investors.
  • Cross-sector review of ratios & IRRs.
  • The bid process.
  • Documents required: Information memoranda, etc.
  • Role of financial/technical/legal advisers.
  • Advantages / disadvantages of project finance.
  • Common problems arising in projects.

Project documents: key clauses & features documents:

  • Construction contracts.
  • Supply contracts.
  • Offtake/sales contracts.
  • O & M contracts.
  • Loan Agreements.
  • Shareholder agreements.
  • Project insurance.
  • Essential features of UK PPP concession agreements.

Clauses:

  • Payment clause structures.
  • Force majeure.
  • Termination.
  • Step-in rights.
  • Arbitration.

Sector review, discussion & analysis

Real-life case histories from developed and emerging markets worldwide will be taken and discussed for projects in all the sectors mentioned below. Particular attention will be made to funding structures, sources of funds, inherent project risks, and project outcomes and performance. Participants will be challenged to provide inputs to these discussions on both an individual and group basis in an inter-active manner.

Day 3

Power sector

Real-life case histories from developed and emerging markets worldwide will be taken and discussed for projects in all the sectors mentioned below.

  • Thermal power (oil, gas, coal, nuclear).
  • Hydropower (large & mini-).
  • Power transmission & distribution.
  • Renewable energy (wind, tidal, biofuels, etc.). 

PPP & public services: key issues

  • What is “PPP”: why the recent interest?
  • The Bid Process & PPPs.
  • Public sector comparators & value for money analysis.
  • Advantages/disadvantages of PPPs.
  • Common problems arising in PPP projects.

Real-life case histories from developed and emerging markets worldwide will be taken and discussed for projects in all the sectors mentioned below.

  • Water.
  • Hospitals.
  • Schools.
  • Prisons.
  • Govt. & office buildings.
  • Defence projects.
  • IT.

Day 4

Transport sector

Real-life case histories from developed and emerging markets worldwide will be taken and discussed for projects in all the sectors mentioned below.

  • Roads (motorways & urban) & bridges.
  • Rail; urban & light rail.
  • Ports & maritime.
  • Airports; ATC.

Miscellaneous sectors

Real-life case histories from developed and emerging markets worldwide will be taken and discussed for projects in all the sectors mentioned below.

  • Property: commercial buildings; hotels, tourism.
  • Process industries: aluminium; steel; cement.
  • Telecommunications.

Day 5

Infrastructure investment: strategic approach, procurement and delivery

Strategic approach

  • Benefits of fit-for-purpose national infrastructure.
  • Infrastructure deficit - public investment needs, the funding gap and private capital.
  • Infrastructure procurement and delivery – typical issues/problems that have historically led to poor infrastructure delivery.
  • How these issues/problems can be overcome.
  • Government centres of excellence.
  • A long-term national infrastructure investment strategy.
  • Sectoral strategic service models, e.g. typical healthcare SSM.
  • Strategic investment plans.
  • Programme and project appraisal (MCA and CBA).
  • Whole life costing.
  • Value for money and affordability.
  • Project lifecycle.

Procurement

  • What is traditional procurement?
  • Typical traditional procurement issues.
  • What is PPP?
  • Range of PPP; PFI, DBFOM, DBFM, DBOM, DBM, Community PPP, JVs, LABVs.
  • Photographs showing the sectoral range of PPP infra projects already delivered.
  • Benefits of PPP – how to address the traditional procurement issues.
  • Typical PPP issues.
  • PPP and design quality – the exemplar design model.
  • Photographs showing architectural award winning PPP facilities.
  • Deciding the procurement route – traditional or PPP?
  • Public funding versus private finance.
  • How PPP works in practice.
  • PPP success criteria.
  • Competitive tension and value for money.
  • Soft market testing – free consultancy.
  • Risk and driving value.
  • Procurement procedures; competitive dialogue, negotiated, restricted, open.
  • Procurement processes.
  • Exercise: which of these projects would usually be procured using traditional procurement and which procured using PPP?

Delivery

  • Public sector requirements for successful delivery.
  • Realising value – contract management.
  • Accelerated delivery - measuring success, UK/Global story to date.
  • PPP versus traditional.

Summary

Overview and “take away” messages

  • The course director has over 25 years experience of structuring, developing, evaluating and implementing the funding of public and private sector projects (i.e. PFI’s, PPP’s, BOOT’s; PSP’s, IPP’s, etc.) in infrastructure, energy, and the process industries. Uniquely, he has worked for extended periods in: An investment bank (Kleinwort Benson, now Allianz/Dresdner); A commercial bank (HSBC); and A development bank (EBRD, as Director of Power & Energy Utilities) For the last 15 years he has operated as an independent consultant, both in the UK and internationally.

    As a banker, he has worked on nuclear power projects in the UK, Canada and Central Europe. He has been involved in many major UK PFI & PPP projects, and was Expert Witness for the Parliamentary Enquiry into the London Underground PPP. He has contributed to many UK Parliamentary and National Audit Office Enquiries. The course director is well versed in government and IFI procedures and project appraisals (e.g. Public Sector Comparators, etc.). The course director has undertaken project assignments throughout the World, particularly in emerging markets in Russia and Eastern/Central Europe, Latin America, Africa and the Middle East. He regularly speaks at seminars on project finance/PPP’s, e.g. for the World Bank, EBRD, banks, companies and academic institutions.