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London School of Credit Analysis
£4,895 +VAT
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During the 5 days, two of the top credit specialists will take you through the regulations, rating agencies, cashflow, debt issues, corporate loan workouts and financial restructuring.

Course Instructors:

  • The course director has over 20 years' experience in lending to the business sector. Having worked in origination, credit and loan workout roles as a senior manager and consultant, he is uniquely qualified to deliver this programme. He is a consultant and trainer to the banking sector. With range of services including mentoring bankers in their day-to-day work and the provision of research services to support his clients' business expansion plans.
  • Formerly Lehman Brothers & Credit Suisse First Boston Credit Analyst & Company Valuation Specialist with over 17 years experience.

The global credit crisis has left many small, medium and even multinational companies faced with internal financial crisis as they try and sure-up the value of their assets, release liquidity as banks reduce their cash lines and look to the future by starving off further decline by assessing real growth areas. However an increasing number of borrowers are failing to meet their loan obligations.

Bankers lending to such troubled borrowers are often faced with a dilemma: enforcing liquidation which can provide certainty of a short term return but which can involve a significant loss of principal, or giving the borrower more time which adds yet more uncertainty to a risky recovery process. In tough liquidity conditions, such as today's global credit crunch, credit professionals are required to quickly identify what is causing borrowers problems and provide the most appropriate and cost effective financing solution. Such solutions can be unique to the sector in which the company operates and specialist knowledge may be required regarding leverage buyouts, corporate loan workouts and particularly immediate organisational financial restructuring. Access to credit and knowledge of how to implement relevant 'credit' strategies will be the key determining factor as to which companies survive this crisis.

How will this course assist you?

Over an intensive five days you will cover:

  • An overview of credit issues including regulations, rating agencies, cashflow, debt issues, corporate loan workouts and financial restructuring
  • Analyse credit risk to avoid losses
  • Address early warning signals and identify the causes of the borrower's problems
  • Use financial modelling with Excel for forecasting and credit analysis
  • Evaluate the various loan workout and restructuring options
  • Develop repayment programmes tailored to the borrower's operating cashflow
  • Identify which borrowers can be returned to viability, as opposed to those for whom a quick liquidation is the most realistic course

Who Should Attend?

  • Bankers in Loan Workout and Debt Management
  • Heads of Credit
  • Credit Risk Officers
  • Credit AnalystsRisk Managers
  • Senior Financial Analysts
  • Senior Lending OfficersLawyers



Day 1

Registration commences at 8:30
Programme runs from 9:00 - 5:00 daily

Understanding the influencing factors

Overview of the bank and bond markets

  • Bank facilities – types of lending
  • High grade markets
  • High yield markets
  • Factors influencing pricing
  • Liability management; fixed vs. floating, maturity, duration, currency, bank vs. bonds

The role and relevance of the rating agencies

  • Background to the rating agencies
  • verview of rating scales and definitions
  • Investment grade vs. non-investment grade
  • Relevance of sovereign ratings
  • Default probabilities and recovery ratings
  • Limitations of the rating agencies

Analysis of historic results

  • Detailed review of P&L account, cashflow statement and balance sheet
  • Earnings vs. cashflow
  • Adjusting the cashflow statement to arrive at CADR
  • Off balance sheet liabilities
  • Dealing with exceptionals and non-core earnings
  • Adjusting for operating leases
  • ROIC vs. WACC
  • Debt maturity profile, liquidity and working capital
  • Ratio analysis

    Case study: analysis of a listed retailer and listed property company.

Accounting factors

  • Accounting standards (IFRS, US GAAP)
  • Accounting tricks to enhance profitability


Day 2

Quantitative analysis

Financial policy

  • Debt vs. equity
  • Suitability for leverage
  • Assessing debt capacity
  • Impact of shareholder value on credit quality

Impact of corporate finance deals on credit quality

  • Mergers, acquisitions, disposals, break-ups, demergers, equity offerings

        Case studies: impact of M&A on credit quality.

Leveraged buyouts

  • Rationale
  • Typical structure
  • Quick method of calculating LBO viability
  • Modelling of the LBO
  • Calculation of returns to different capital providers
  • Creation of covenant package
  • Short cut method of modelling a leveraged buyout

Documentation

  • Covenants – financial and Moody’s eight key non-financial covenants
  • Review of an investment grade bond prospectus and of a high yield bond prospectus
  • Review of a bank loan agreement
  • Brief overview of qualitative factors
    - SWOT analysis
    - Sovereign
    - Economy, currency, credit rating, political risks

Industry specific case study: review credit of company in changing industry environment.

Company specific case study: evaluation of a turnaround situation
  • Structural factors
  • Shareholder structure
  • Ownership and support
  • Structural and contractual subordination
  • Impact of structural issues on ratings


Day 3

Company modelling and forecasting

Financial modelling

  • Construction of a simple one worksheet model, linking forecast assumptions to the P&L account, cashflow statement and balance sheet
  • Review of a multi-worksheet based model, with separate worksheets for PP&E, minority interests, assets held for sale, associates, shareholders’ equity, debt and cash
  • Calculation of ratios and covenants
    – Review of conditional functions, tools / scenarios, correcting circularity, cash sweep, max / min etc.

Case studies:

  • High / low grade industry
  • Impact of new regulation / government support
  • Impact of a major strategic shift
  • Analysis of a corporate undergoing gradual decline
  • Impact of major technological innovation
  • Off-balance sheet liabilities
  • Impact of changing sovereign factors
  • Analysis of a one-off insolvency situation
  • Analysis of a recurring default situation
  • The impact of results restatements
  • Review of loan agreement
  • Review of a high grade and junk bond prospectus
  • Review of a rating agency covenant quality assessment report


Day 4

Corporate debt restructuring

  • Overview of loan workouts and restructuring
  • Lessons from experience: including gypsum wallboard plants; hotels; restaurant chains etc.

Initial analysis

  • Use of Liquidation Models to assess each stakeholder’s economic interest and how the pain should be shared
  • Overview of UK restructuring / insolvency priorities to assist with this process

        Case studies: (I) US leveraged situation, (II) European industrial group.

Restructuring the balance sheet of a highly leveraged company

Case study: restructure the company’s balance sheet and propose heads of terms. Debrief will include restructuring terms sheets, rationale and outcome.

Risk and reward in workout cases

  • Constructive criticism of the returns achieved in B2B case
  • Imposing a RAROC structure on workout pricing

Reward techniques including the use of: increased interest rate

  • Part cash pay interest / part PIK
  • Restructuring fees
  • Success fees and how to tie these to company’s ability to pay
  • Warrants
  • Convertible term loans
  • Debt-equity swaps

Case study: review the terms of a UK listed company’s workout.


Day 5


Distressed debt and alternative options

  • A distressed biodiesel producer: a green facility before its time?
  • Identification of causes of financial distress
  • How can the causes be addressed?
  • What will it take for the facility to become economically viable?
  • Who has the economic interest?
  • Use of debt-equity swaps
  • Nuisance power of shareholders
  • How the takeover was structured
  • What should workout bankers do now?

Overview of insolvency regimes and their impacts upon workouts

  • UK formal and informal arrangements
  • Key differences between UK and France / Germany to give a European perspective

Case study: a high profile CVA

Multi-creditor workouts

  • An overview of the London approach
  • Steering committees
  • Debt moratoria

Case study: negotiation / nuisance power of various stakeholders at a large European industrial group and how these influenced the eventual outcome.

Hotel in distress: should we take the bidder’s offer or invest and hold?

  • Identification of causes of financial distress
  • Using consultants’ reports
  • What will it take for the hotel to become economically viable?
  • Who has the economic interest?
  • Take the offer or fund investment in the hope of realizing higher value in future?
  • What value can the distressed debt investor achieve?
  • Framework for considering acceptability of such offers

 Course summary and close


  • The course director has over 20 years' experience in lending to the business sector. Having worked in origination, credit and loan workout roles as a senior manager and consultant, he is uniquely qualified to deliver this programme. He is a consultant and trainer to the banking sector. With range of services including mentoring bankers in their day-to-day work and the provision of research services to support his clients' business expansion plans.

    Before becoming a consultant, the course director was Regional Director, Ireland for National Australia Bank Group's Corporate and Institutional Banking division. In 2001, he started this operation and in five years grew the business to become a recognised force in the Irish market. He was responsible for all aspects of the business, including new business development, credit proposals, workout of difficult credits and growing the team. He built significant client relationships in a wide range of sectors, including Energy and Utilities, Food, Aerospace, Healthcare and Real Estate.

    In 1996, The course instructor became Senior Adviser and Team Leader at Bank Gospodarki Zywnosciowej SA ("BGZ"), an integrated corporate and financial restructuring project financed by the UK Know-How Fund. Leading a multi-cultural team of banking, systems and loan workout consultants, he spearheaded the return to viability of significant customers of BGZ, leading financial restructurings under the auspices of the specialist legislation (including "compromise agreements" such as the Ugoda Bankowa).

    From 1994 to 1995, The course instructor was a Senior Manager for Lloyds TSB, responsible for credit sanctioning and resolution of problem loans for fifty branches in central London. In 1989, he was appointed to Lloyds' New York operation, which had encountered severe problems in its leveraged and structured finance book. He was responsible for engineering financial solutions and workouts for a wide range of midmarket customers. 

    The course director holds a Masters of Business Administration from Manchester Business School, and the Institute of Financial Services' Financial Studies and Banking Diplomas (both with Distinction).
  • Former Executive Director of CSFB and Lehman Brothers, the Course Director has spent seventeen years working as an investment banker in Europe and the US. She has principally worked in the credit markets and has experience of the US and European high grade and high yield markets, the European new issue markets, the Asian convertible bond markets and of corporate restructurings of distressed credits. She specialised in the telecoms sector and was closely involved in the structuring, raising and/or trading of bank and public debt for telecoms companies in many countries, including Europe, South Africa, Asia and Latin America. She also has extensive experience of corporate finance transactions, including mergers, disposals, privatisations, IPOs and capital raisings. Until 2003, she was an Executive Director at Lehman Brothers in Fixed Income Research in London, having also worked for CS First Boston and Kleinwort Benson. She now works on an independent basis advising the legal and private equity professions on credit analysis and company valuation. She has a degree in economics from the London School of Economics and stock exchange qualifications from London and New York.

    Courses run by this instructor

Central London Hotel Venue, London, UK

All Euromoney Training courses are held at four or five star venues in Central London, Zone 1. We strive to provide you with a training environment of the highest quality, to ensure that the whole learning experience exceeds your expectations.

Your training venue will be confirmed by one of our course administrators approximately 3-4 weeks before the course start date.